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As a global biodiversity hotspot, Yunnan Province boasts 30 ecosystems, 114 forest types, and a large number of rare and endemic species. However, with rapid social and economic development, forest fragmentation and land use changes have seriously threatened the ecological environment and the survival of endangered wildlife in Yunnan over the past 60 years.

Since 2017, SSCC has launched a multi-value forest restoration project in Yunlong Tianchi National Nature Reserve, focusing on four major aspects: burned area restoration, scientific research and monitoring, nature education, and community development. Meanwhile, sparked by the lack of conservation efforts we observed in Yunnan, we have carried out community-based species surveys, conservation actions and conservation surveys with public participation aiming to promote the establishment of CPAs in Menglian-Lafu and Deqin-Naren. We have also conducted research and work concerning forest ecosystem service functions, climate change, and cross-border conservation.

The mid- and upper-stream areas along the Yarlung Tsangpo River are most biodiverse in China and even in the world. Studies show that this region includes at least two thirds of known higher plant species, half of known mammals, four fifths of known insects and three fifths of known macrofungi in China. Since 2020, with the support of the Secret Eye Project of the National Forestry and Grassland Administration (NFGA), SSCC and Xizi River Ecological Conservancy have carried out a biodiversity survey and conservation program along the Yarlung Tsangpo River. This program aims to conduct baseline surveys within the Yarlung Tsangpo River National Nature Reserve, evaluate the status of conservation and threats, and employ targeted and proven conservation practices.